An interactive tool that allows the user to explore vulnerabilities to changes in abundance and distribution of 82 marine fish and invertebrate species off the coast of the Northeastern U.S. The user can find aggregate data and species-specific results.
This report analyses the flooding vulnerability of the city and provides a benefit-cost analysis of three adaptation options for the Rondout/East Strand area for 10-year and 100-year storm events with high and low sea level rise scenarios for the years 2013, 2060, and 2100. The report includes predictions for all cumulative expected monetary damage to buildings and real estate improvements using the COAST tool and predictions for avoided damages with adaptations.
An engineering vulnerability assessment of three of the City of Toronto’s culverts: Ellesmere, Albion and Grandravine. The study assessed vulnerability of these culverts to existing and projected future climate conditions (up to a 2040s time horizon.) The City’s objective is to proactively identify components of the culverts that have an increased risk of failure or damage due to potential climate change.
An interactive online companion tool takes users through the steps of creating a vulnerability assessment. The tool automatically generates a consequence/probability matrix and formats a simple report based on user input. The tool is a companion to the Being Prepared for Climate Change workbook, a step by step guide for place-based organizations to develop risk-based climate change adaptation plans.
VHB Engineering, Surveying, and Landscape Architecture
This report assesses Albany, NY's exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity to an array of changing climate conditions in order to understand how the city is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The plan acts as a tool to help the city plan for and ultimately build resilience to existing and future climatic changes.
This document details how vulnerability, risk, and adaptation assessments have been or could be used to integrate climate change impacts into transportation decisions and ultimately increase the adaptive capacity of the highway system.
Hare, Jonathan A., Morrison, Wendy E., Nelson, Mark W., Stachura, Megan M., Teeters, Eric J., Griffis, Roger B., Alexander, Michael A, Scott, James D., Alade, Larry, Bell, Richard J., Chute, Antonie S., Curti, Kiersten L., Curtis, Tobey H., Kircheis, Daniel, Kocik, John F., Lucey, Sean M., McCandless, Camilla T., Milke, Lisa M., Richardson, David E., Robillard, Eric, Walsh, Harvey J., McManus, M. Conor, Marancik, Katrin E., Griswold, Carolyn A.
Climate change and decadal variability are impacting marine fish and invertebrate species worldwide and these impacts will continue for the foreseeable future. Quantitative approaches have been developed to examine climate impacts on productivity, abundance, and distribution of various marine fish and invertebrate species. However, it is difficult to apply these approaches to large numbers of species owing to the lack of mechanistic understanding sufficient for quantitative analyses, as well as the lack of scientific infrastructure to support these more detailed studies. Vulnerability assessments provide a framework for evaluating climate impacts over a broad range of species with existing information. These methods combine the exposure of a species to a stressor (climate change and decadal variability) and the sensitivity of species to the stressor. These two components are then combined to estimate an overall vulnerability. Quantitative data are used when available, but qualitative information and expert opinion are used when quantitative data is lacking. Here we conduct a climate vulnerability assessment on 82 fish and invertebrate species in the Northeast U.S. Shelf including exploited, forage, and protected species. We define climate vulnerability as the extent to which abundance or productivity of a species in the region could be impacted by climate change and decadal variability. We find that the overall climate vulnerability is high to very high for approximately half the species assessed; diadromous and benthic invertebrate species exhibit the greatest vulnerability. In addition, the majority of species included in the assessment have a high potential for a change in distribution in response to projected changes in climate. Negative effects of climate change are expected for approximately half of the species assessed, but some species are expected to be positively affected (e.g., increase in productivity or move into the region). These results will inform research and management activities related to understanding and adapting marine fisheries management and conservation to climate change and decadal variability.
Luh, Jeanne, Christenson, Elizabeth C., Toregozhina, Aizhan, Holcomb, David A., Witsil, Tucker, Hamrick, Laura R., Ojomo, Edema, Bartram, Jamie
Climate-related extreme weather events can result in the loss of drinking water access. We assessed the relative vulnerability of 3143 United States (U.S.) counties to loss of drinking water access due to droughts, floods, and cyclones. Five vulnerability assessment models from the literature were compared, each differing in the aggregation method used to combine the three determinants of vulnerability (V) – exposure (E), sensitivity (S), and adaptive capacity (AC). Exposure scores were calculated using historical occurrence data, sensitivity scores were determined from the intrinsic resilience of the drinking water technologies, and adaptive capacity scores were calculated from nine socioeconomic indicators. Our results showed that models V = E + S + AC and V = E + S–AC were the same, as were models V = E × S × AC and V = E × S ÷ AC. Between these two model forms (form 1: V = E + S + AC and V = E + S–AC; form 2: V = E × S × AC and V = E × S ÷ AC), scores from one model form could be used to predict scores from the second model form, with R-squared values ranging from 0.61 to 0.82 depending on the extreme weather event type. A fifth model, V = (E–AC) × S was not found to correlate with any of the other four models. We used V = E + S + AC as our reference model as this resulted in a more uniform distribution of counties in each of the five intervals of vulnerability. Comparing the vulnerability scores identified the counties with greatest vulnerability to losing access to drinking water due to floods, droughts, and cyclones. Our results can be used to inform evidence-based decisions such as allocation of resources and implementation of adaptation strategies.
Existing studies in the context of assessing vulnerability to climate variability and change delineate, rather inadequately, interconnected interactions occurring within the climate-human-environment interaction space. Besides, studies documenting stakeholders’ perceptions regarding climate change induced vulnerabilities are limited in terms of providing indicators for decision-making. This paper aims at constructing a livelihood vulnerability index for climate variability and change capturing interconnected interactions based on peoples’ perceptions while providing indicators for evidence based decision-making. A semi-quantitative fuzzy cognitive mapping (FCM) approach has been deployed to capture peoples’ perceptions of climate induced perturbations and adaptations. This approach helps quantify stakeholders’ perspectives while capturing interconnected interactions in order to estimate livelihood vulnerability to climate variability and change of poor agro-pastoralists in the Bhilwara, a district in Western India. Combining the FCM approach with a sustainable livelihood framework warrants an understanding of assets sensitive to climate variability and change along with those serving as adaptive capacities. The findings of this study confirm that financial and natural assets are most susceptible to harm while organisational and financial assets provide resilience against climate variability and change. The results suggest that livelihood vulnerability of agropastoralists lie in the range of being ‘vulnerable’ to climate variability and change while varying across three seasons summer, winter, and rainfall.
A manual section describing a specific action from Pledge Element 7 of the Climate Smart Communities Certification Program. The section contains information on why the action is important, how to implement the action, the timeframe, project costs, and resource needs, the government level involved, how to obtain certification points and what to submit for this action, and a list of resources and examples.